Forklift trucks are an essential piece of equipment in many industrial and commercial settings. They are used for the safe and efficient movement of materials and products from one location to another. Forklift trucks come in various types, depending on their design, capacity, and intended use.
Counterbalance forklifts are the most common type of forklifts and are used for general material handling. They have a weight in the back to balance the load in the front. Reach trucks, on the other hand, are designed for use in narrow aisles and have an extended mast to reach high shelves. Pallet trucks are manual vehicles used for moving pallets short distances. Rough terrain forklifts are used for outdoor applications and have larger tires and a stronger suspension to navigate rough terrain. Order pickers are used for order picking and have a platform for the operator to stand on while picking items from high shelves. Telescopic forklifts have a telescoping boom and are used for outdoor applications such as agriculture and construction. Sideloaders are used for loading and unloading trucks from the side and have a unique design that allows for better manoeuvrability in tight spaces.
Forklift truck power sources
Used or new forklift trucks can be powered by either electricity or fuel, depending on the specific needs of the application. Electric forklifts are powered by batteries and are primarily used for indoor applications, such as warehouses and distribution centres. They are known for their quiet operation and low emissions. Fuel-powered forklifts, on the other hand, can be powered by either petrol/gasoline, diesel, or propane. They are typically used for outdoor applications and are known for their long operating hours and heavy-duty capabilities.
Electric forklift trucks and diesel-powered forklift trucks have different maintenance needs, as they have different types of power systems. Electric forklifts require regular battery maintenance, including checking the water level, cleaning the terminals, and ensuring proper charging. The electric motor on an electric forklift requires regular inspections to ensure it is functioning properly.
Maintenance for fuel powered forklift trucks
Diesel-powered forklifts require regular engine maintenance, including oil changes, filter replacements, and checking for proper fuel injection. The exhaust system on a diesel forklift must be checked regularly to ensure it is functioning properly and to prevent emissions issues.
Fuel used for diesel or petrol/gasoline-powered vehicles, including forklift trucks, is subject to fuel taxes in the United Kingdom. The taxes, known as Excise Duty, are applied to both diesel and petrol/gasoline. For the latest figures regarding fuel duty in the UK visit the official www.gov.uk website. However, there are exceptions to the fuel tax for certain types of vehicles, such as those used for agricultural or forestry purposes.
In the United Kingdom, petrol/gasoline-powered vehicles, including forklift trucks, are required to use unleaded fuel. The use of leaded petrol/gasoline has been phased out in the UK due to its harmful effects on the environment and human health. Leaded petrol/gasoline contains lead, which is a toxic heavy metal that can cause serious health problems and contribute to environmental pollution. Unleaded petrol/gasoline, on the other hand, does not contain lead and is considered a safer and more environmentally friendly fuel option.
Importance of understanding forklift truck types
Overall, understanding the different types of forklift trucks and their maintenance needs is essential for ensuring their safe and efficient operation. Proper maintenance, including regular inspections and repairs, is crucial for extending the life of forklift trucks and preventing costly breakdowns. It is also important to follow all safety guidelines and regulations when operating forklift trucks, including proper training for operators and regular inspections of equipment. Please refer to the HSE regarding safe use of forklifts for more information. By taking these steps, businesses can ensure the safe and efficient operation of their forklift trucks, leading to increased productivity and profitability.